Career, Engineering & Technology

Career as an Electronics and Communication Engineer in the 5G enabled future world

Positive Impact of 5G implementations on enhancing employability throughout the globe:

The Fifth Generation (5G) is the next-generation wireless communication technology. This most awaited technology is expected to create more than a few million jobs as well as boost the GDP to the next level. Although the Indian telecommunication division is encountering a disruptive phase in the present scenario, the unfold of 5G is expected to generate massive employment opportunities for electronics and communication engineers. According to a report by Accenture, the installation/setup procedure for this promising technology is also significant. In the United States of America alone, the telecommunication operators are looking forward to investing about $275 billion in infrastructure, which can lead to the creation of 3 million jobs and boost the GDP by $500 billion. It is predicted by economists around the world that the economic influence of 5G in the latest goods and utilities will cross $12 trillion by 2035. The 5G technology is expected to be initiated in India by 2020 (as reported by the 5G High-Level Forum) and is anticipated to create a progressive economic influence of $1 trillion (in India) by 2035. According to Ericsson, the global front runner in 5G technologies, 5G-enabled digitalization income capability in India will be more than $27 billion by 2026. Moreover, according to the predictions reported by Global System Mobile Association, India will have approximately 70 million 5G connections by 2025. It is extensively recognized that the worth of 5G implementations for India can be greater as compared to advanced nations around the globe as a consequence of the marginal investments in physical infrastructure.

Influence of 5G technology in new and existing industry verticals:

The deployment of 5G is likely to allow the addition of different service aspects apart from the orthodox voice and data through the enabling technologies like IoT, Massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO), Adaptive Beam Forming through Advanced Digital Signal Processing, device to device, Millimeter Wave, Terahertz communications, Cloud services, Big Data, Mobile cloud computing, Virtual Reality (AR/VR), etc. The majority of these enabling technologies are sheltered under Electronics and Communication Engineering. With a capability to explore $12.3 trillion revenue across various industries, the implementation of 5G is expected to influence almost every industry including agriculture, energy, logistics, fleet management, tracking, home, industrial application and control, traffic safety and control, remote manufacturing, remote training, remote healthcare, smartphone and many more. Apart from the user range, 5G will enable new potential and adaptability for mobile service providers to satisfy the specific needs of enterprise consumers. 5G is expected to play a vital role in enabling the 4th Industrial Revolution, as technology is smoothly planted within the bounds of the society as well as in commercial and industrial processes. Another positive aspect of 5G technologies is that it will not replace all the existing generations of telecom networks like 2G, 3G, and 4G. Reports also suggested that even after the introduction of 5G into the Indian networks, the primary generation of cellular technologies can co-exist with the 5G technologies for a span of at least 10 years. This will restrict the reduction in the current job opportunities in the Tele-communication sector as well as create new employment opportunities with novel 5G deployments for Electronics and Communication Engineers.

Impact of futuristic 5G technology on real-time teaching and learning:

5G is expected to boost the remote teaching-learning processes, because of its lightning data rate (as well as ultra-low latency). This is expected to enable instant interactivity, with minimal energy consumption. This indicates that instead of watching the video of a facilitator/faculty, learners in remote locations of India or other countries can participate in classes with instant interactivity.

Role of Electronics and Communication Engineering in building 5G ready career:

The courses included in the program of Electronics and Communication Engineering like Antenna and Wave Propagation, Microwave Engineering, Digital Signal Processing, IoT, Robotics, VLSI, Data Communication and Networking, Digital Communication, Electronic Devices, Control System, etc. will provide the fresh graduates/post-graduates with an added advantage to pursue a bright career in the 5G enabled future world. The 5G enabled future worlds will demand young minds with an in-depth knowledge of Electronics and Communication Engineering possessing innovative and problem-solving skill sets. The 5G enabled future world is promising exciting career opportunities for young minds pursuing Electronics and Communication Engineering as careers.

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